Blade Runner – Vangelis Music Video

July 22, 2009

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Now this is what movies and movie soundtracks should be like…The Director’s Cut is one of the greatest films of all time – so glad that Ridley Scott was able to release it because the original got butchered by the studio.
– FlashAddict

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The SHOT – Reading the Screen

November 15, 2008

THE SHOT
= the smallest unit in film – when the camera starts / records / then stops
– compared to language (word, letter) – a shot in film is like a sentence
– when you write, you start with a sentence or a phrase (are you writing an essay, letter, poem…and you build your structure from there)
– every film starts with a shot (feature film, documentary, animation…and you build your film from there)
– film maker decides how the shot will be setup

– how the film image is photographed – based on film stocks and immulsion (b/w, high contrast, low contrast…)
– technicolor was an invention developed in the 1930’s
– tinting = dip b/w film into a bath of dye
– toning = positive print developed and dye is added

DAISIES – dir Vera Chytilova

– film made just prior to the Soviet takeover in 1968 – they went nuts over it and forbid her from making any further films
– great example of toning

– overexposure and underexposure
– under crank film speed was a throw back to early film days from manually cranked cameras = high speed when projected
– over crank = slow motion when it plays through the projector
– wide angle lens = distortion – normal lens is 35 to 50 mm – telephoto lens = character takes forever to move forward:

THE GRADUATE

– depth of field refers to what is in focus in the frame
– deep space – director stages action that is in focus on several different planes (Citizen Kane)
– selective focus = multiple plane action but only one is in focus
– CITIZEN KANE = faster film, shorter focal length lenses, deep focus
– pulling/rack focus = Mission Impossible – Jean Reno holding the rope in the air duct – in comes the rat and he is terrified

SPECIAL EFFECTS
– super imposition = one image over another and put in through the projector
– rear projection = driving and projecting a street scene behind the actors
– front projection – camera films through a 2-way mirror
– mattework = actor is filmed on a blue screen

Aspect Ratios
Academy Ratio = 1.33 / 1 (oldest and was the standard for a long time)
Widescreen = 1.85 / 1

CAMERA SHOTS
– extreme long shot = panorama – cannot see people – just the landscape
– long shot = large area but also has characters
– full shot = full figures and it is the size of what would be a stage
– medium long shot = from the knees up
– medium shot = waist up (also known as the sitcom shot)
– medium close up = head and shoulders

– close up = head / hand / foot only
– extreme close up = extremely close viewpoint of one part of someone’s anatomy (Citizen Kane = saying Rosebud – only see his lips)

– cut away / insert = information only – hands reading a letter / inserting a key into a lock
– point of view = what the character sees
– mask = character looking through a telescope / keyhole = black mask area to signify this
– over the shoulder = conversation shot
– dirty over the shoulder = shoulder is in frame of the conversation shot
– reaction shot = very manipulative (AAHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH reaction…)

STATIONERY CAMERA ANGLES
– straight overhead = bird’s eye view (Lullaby of Broadway / Mystic River – when Sean Penn realizes his daughter is the body)

– high angle = when the camera is looking down on a subject (used as to be read as having a certain significance – subject is read to be vulnerable, powerless or insignificant)
– eye level = documentary and comedy in order to see what is happening
– low angle = camera is low looking up (subject seems menacing, overpowered or important)
– extreme low angle / worm’s eye = camera in the floor looking up
– oblique/canted/dutch angle = tilted or askew (Do The Right Thing)
– mobile camera = camera is stationery but the camera pans from right to left (street shot panning and then stops when main character enters frame and starts following them in the other direction
– tilt = camera moves up and down (camera tilting down to show Dorothy’s Red Ruby shoes)
– switch pan = camera is stationery but there is a swoosh showing a change (Citizen Kane breakfast scene in the first marriage)

– zooming in and zooming out = camera doesn’t move but moving in with the zoom (implies finding out what the character is thinking – or Godfather zoom out intro with Marlon Brando)

– snap zoom = instead of cutting back and forth they use this instead (see kung fu movies – camera follows the action of the punches/kicks

MOVING CAMERA ANGLES
– dolly shot = use push in or pull back
– tracking = dolly shot where they actually lay down tracks
– traveling/trucking = camera on a vehicle and film the people on that vehicle
– hand held = camera operator following the actors (the conformist / blair witch)
– vertigo = made famous by Alfred Hitchcock (dolly in as you zoom out or vice versa)
– steady cam = Goodfellas shot
– space cam =  flying aircraft with a camera built into it (Into the Sea with Javier Bardem)
– crane shot / cherry picker
– jib shot = camera goes up or down along a mast
– aerial = airplane shot

LAWRENCE OF ARABIA – dir. David Lean
– incredible range of shots used in this film

DO THE RIGHT THING
– Spike Lee started internships with the unions so that they would hire more women and people of colour
– based on an actual event of a race riot that took place in Howard Beach
– several black men had a flat tire in front of an Italian bar and were chased out by the Italians are one tripped and was killed when hit by a car
– 24 hour period from one morning to the next – set in the neighborhood
– Samuel L. Jackson plays the DJ and ties the setting and characters together
– Radio Rahim was always shot solitary to showcase his lack of wanting to be part of the community and low angle to show him being imposing
– statistic of when the temperature goes over 95%, the murder rate rises as well as people lose their tempers much easier
– film ends with differing quotes from Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X (non violence versus intelligent self-defence)
– restlessly wandering camera – starting on a closeup then move all over the place

TOUCH OF EVIL – dir. Orson Welles

– probably the most famous sequence shot / long take
– instead of close up, followed by pan to long shot, a long series of shots are choreographed into one single shot

TOKYO STORY – dir. OZU

– filmed at the height of a person kneeling on a Japanese tatami mat
– usually full shots with people moving in and out of the frame
– focuses on family drama / stories – focus on Japan but they are universal
– flips traditional Hollywood convention by crossing 180 degree line where characters and settings flip perspective

TRAGIC STORY WITH HAPPY ENDING – dir. REGINA PESSOA

– director had a schitzophrenic mother – very aware about being different and the community’s reaction to her mother
– draws each phase on a piece of paper – each frame is photocopied onto glossy paper -indian ink is drawn in on top of the drawing and then uses a razor blade to scratch into the ink – background is on a separate piece of paper and scanned in – superimposed to form the final image


Last Wednesday’s DIVA 200 class notes

September 17, 2008

DIVA 200 – last Wednesday’s class notes – yes I know I am late getting these on the blog!!!

Subvert Cultural Phenomenons – do not look down on sub-cultures

Gilligan’s Island = Lost of the 1960’s
Christian Metz – watch youtube videos

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PAINSTATION – Volker Morawe and Tilman Reiff
http://www.painstation.de/
http://www.khm.de/~morawe/painstation/painstation_photos/pages/DSC00013.htm

First Painstation game ever

The concept was based on the scene in the James Bond movie, “Never say Never Again” with Sean Connery

– instead of the game being Global Thermonuclear Dominance, the game is Pong!
– players use one hand to navigate the game itself, with the other hand on the “Pain Dispenser”
– if a player misses a ball, they receive either an electric shock,
– relevant today with entertainment such as Gladiator, Jackass, Rollerball/Roller Derby
– commentary on Totalitarian sanctioned violence to pacify/subdue/desensitize the populace

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RUN MOTHERFUCKER RUN
http://www.runmotherfuckerrun.nl/
http://www.runmotherfuckerrun.nl/downld.htm

– installed at Tesla For Transmediale exhibition
– treadmill in the gallery with motion detectors = running inside a virtual world
– what happens when you actually get to the wall at the end?
– boundary between reality / virtual – also shows limits
– the treadmill only goes in a linear direction (forwards and reverse)
– can’t strafe from side to side or turn around

homage to Cave Automatic Virtual Environment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave_Automatic_Virtual_Environment
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6d/CAVE_Crayoland.jpg

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CHITRA KARAHANA – Shaina Arnand
http://chitrakarkhana.net/

chitrakarkhana n, hindi

1.[chitra+karkhana]- Image workshop

or picture factory. A fully independent, small scale unit for experimental media.

2. [chitrakar+khana]- Artist food.

– TV broadcasting experiment in India
– what constitutes the viewer / performer – web cam vs. audience
– constitutes narrow casting (ie: youtube channel with only 10 subscribers)
– relevance – London CCTV = Big Brother
– London Underground Terrorist bombings – without the CCTV, the police would not have cracked the case

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CORY ARCANGEL
http://www.beigerecords.com/cory/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cory_Arcangel

A couple of thousand short films about Glen Gould

– meticulously constructed from youtube samples of individual notes played by amateurs – friese.com
– bricolage

Super Mario Bros. Movie

“Two unattended computers send endlessly bouncing out-of-office auto-responses to each other”

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GAVIN BAILY / TOM CORBY – Cyclone S.O.C.
http://www.reconnoitre.net/

Perimeters, Boundaries and Border
RSS Newsreel – Good news = Hot weather front / Bad news = Cold weather front
Merging weather information and digital displayed information

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WEARABLE ART – R.F.I.D. experiments – Leah Bueckley
http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~buechley/

L.E.D. tank tops – used conductive thread for wireless communication
(reminds me of “Minority Report” advertisements within the movie)

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JIM CAMPBELL – Church on Fifth Avenue
http://jimcampbell.tv/

Church On Fifth Avenue, 2001
Custom electronics

A matrix of 32 x 24 (768) pixels made out of red LEDs displaying a pedestrian and auto traffic scene in NY from an off street perspective. There is a sheet of diffusing plexiglass angled in front of the grid. As the pedestrians move from left to right the figures gradually go from a discrete representation to a continuous one (or metaphorically from a digital representation to an analog one).

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JANET CARDIFF – The Telephone Call
http://www.cardiffmiller.com/

– audio/video walk through the San Francisco M.O.M.A.
– commentary from artist for audio tour but it;s for shock value
– record mp3 file and walk around museum and do podcast
– brings up concept of located media – text 55555 to hot babe

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MISC. DISTRACTIONS:
Super Mario Theme – RC Car with bottles

Super Mario Theme – Zack Kim

Chacarron

Japanese TV Pranks

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HEAVY INDUSTRIES – Young-Hae Chang – CUNNILINGUS_IN_NORTH_KOREA
http://www.yhchang.com/

– reality vs. representation
– deliver best product for the platform
– open taboo subject discussions within a totalitarian state

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TROIKA – SMS Guerilla Projector
http://www.troika.uk.com

The SMS Guerilla Projector is a home made, fully functioning device that enables the user to project text based SMS messages in public spaces, in streets, onto people, inside cinemas, shops, houses…

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