Reading the Screen – class notes from last Friday (animation)

“The Humorous phases of funny faces” – J. Stewart Blackton?
FIRST ANIMATION EVER 1906


– done with chalk so it was erased with each frame

“Fantasmagorie” – Emile Cohl

– first true animation in August 1908
– graphite on paper

“Walking” – Ryan Larkin

– was nominated for an academy award in 1970, but Ryan lost his way and fell into drugs and despair
“Ryan” – Chris Landreth


part 1

part 2

– a 2004 Oscar-winning animated documentary by Chris Landreth about the influential Canadian animator Ryan Larkin (see above – he did “Walking”), who in later years lived on skid row in Montreal following a history of drug and alcohol abuse.
Earl Heard 1915 – invented celluloid animation – all studios had to pay him a royalty until the patent ran into the public domain

“The Old Mill” – Disney

– tricks of the trade – multi-plane camera
– special effects animation from back in 1937 – old school cgi hand drawn and hand painted (very labour intensive)
– editing is so important, it’s how you move an audience
– as the storm builds, the shots get closer and closer – cutting/editing make the film
– Walt Disney spent only 12 years to refine animation from Steamboat Willy to Fantasia

– Disney either created or refined modern day aspects of animation
– Leonard Maltin has published numerous animation history books, including “Of Mice and Magic”
– 1937 – Snow White – used multi-plane camera up to Little Mermaid – last time it was used
– now they use D Canvas or Caps and computers to simulate 3d and distance
– “Minnie the Moocher”


– opening with Cab Calloway Hidy Hidy Ho!
– Cab Calloway was the man back in the day!  Max Fleischer vs. Disney studios
– Betty Boop was one of the first fully female animated characters- early example of rotoscoping with Cab dancing – precursor to Waking Life and A Scanner Darkly plus the iPod commercials as well – music video by The New Pornographers
Waking Life – Trailer

A Scanner Darkly – Trailer

New Pornographers – Myriad Harbour

Die Abenteuer des Prinzen Achmed (The Adventures of Prince Achmed)

– 300,000 cut outs to make this film – Lotte Reiniger – made in 1927
– very first animated feature film – she was the only one who did the cut outs – silhouette animation film

The Mysterious Geographic Explorations of Jasper Morello – steampunk animation

The Old Man and the Sea – Alexander Petrov

part 1

part 2

– hand painted on glass (finger painting)
– wow – incredible paintings – clouds turn into elephants – lions – the sailing ship
– amazing detail in the oar slicing through the water and having the drops drip down
– the swordfish leaps several feet out of the water and keeps puling the boat further out to sea
– phosphorescence at night is beautiful – the crowd of people on the beach is incredibly detailed
– in the credits, it shows the director Alexander Petrov hand painting each individual glass frame

Peter and the Wolf – Suzie Templeton (also did a film called “Dog”)
– stop motion puppet animation

MISC CLASS NOTES:
lots of cutting edge animation happening in music videos
international film festival – should check it out
the story of pixar – director leslie was grand-daughter of the guy who helped do steamboat willy
– the man who planted trees was roger lassiter’s inspiration – he played it to introduce his festival
– not an actual true story – was fiction – frederick back

animation = bringing life out of something static
– animation is about drawing movement
– is it possible to make a bad film with beautiful drawings (star wars 1-3, final fantasy…)
– can you make a good film with bad drawings (rejected, simpsons, don hertzfeld)

Welcome to the Show – Don Hertzfeld

– DAMN THE ILLUSION OF MOVEMENT TO HELL!!!!!

Intermission – Don Hertzfeld

End of the Show – Don Hertzfeld

Rejected – Don Hertzfeld

– animation = just for kids?!?!? nope, it is much much more
– film screenings on wednesday help showcase the various techniques

STOP MOTION
– claymation (chicken run)
– paper cut out (south park, adventures of prince achmed – first animated film ever) aka silhouette animation
– puppet animation (nightmare before christmas)
– pixelation (neighbours, space jam, white stripes hardest button to button
– object animation – stop motion (joanna priestley)

– experimental (painted glass, the street, norman mclaren)
– pin screen animation (very rare – use pin screen – NFB animations – do research – each shot is unique – cannot be recreated – alex alexsov)
– rotoscope (waking life, a scanner darkly)
– cell animation (disney, looney toons, duck amuck)
– limited animation (simpsons – all you get is mouth/hand being animated vs. disney where the entire body is animated)
aka illustrated radio because the shots are reused 1960’s cartoons like spider man)

Additional Animation clips:

The Animatrix – Final Flight of the Osiris

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